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Using dbdeployer With MariaDB Server

Planet MySQL - Tue, 01/15/2019 - 08:32
Some time ago I've noted that one of the tools I use for testing various MySQL and MariaDB cases and to reproduce potential bugs, MySQL-Sandbox, is not updated any more. It turned out that active development switched to its port in Go called dbdeployer. You can find detailed information about dbdeployer and reasons behind developing it provided by its author, Giuseppe Maxia, here and there. See also this post at Percona blog for some quick review of its main features. One of the points of dbdeployer (and reasons to use Go) is that it is built once (per platform supported) somewhere and then binaries are downloaded from GitHub and used everywhere, without any problems with dependencies etc.

I've added checking dbdeployer to my long ToDo list, as I planned to use it (if not MySQL Sandbox) for some tests and posts related to resolving typical practical problems with MariaDB GTID-based replication. Yesterday I've allocated some time to finally try it and, as usual, I've started with building it from source (as for me databases-related software that I can not build from source on my test systems is not any attractive as something new to study and use). I was immediately surprised by the lack of instructions on how to do this at GitHub, no Makefile of any kind etc. All I was able to find is build.sh script. Correction: just check README.md on how to build it properly, as Giuseppe Maxia explained in the comment.

Good, regular structure is important for deployment Fortunately this is not the first project written in Go that I try to build (or change somehow and then build). The first one was this replication manager (that has proper build instructions in docs). So, I though I knew what to do. I've installed missing golang package on my netbook with Ubuntu 14.04 that I had at hand and tried the following typical steps:
openxs@ao756:~/go$ export GOPATH=$HOME/go
openxs@ao756:~/go$ echo $GOPATH
/home/openxs/go
openxs@ao756:~/go$ go get github.com/datacharmer/dbdeployer
# github.com/datacharmer/dbdeployer/common
src/github.com/datacharmer/dbdeployer/common/strutils.go:170: undefined: sort.Slice
...That was a bit surprising, but quick Google search shown that this could be caused by outdated (pre-1.8) version of golang package. So, dbdeployer requires golang 1.8 or newer and there was no such package for my good old Ubuntu (it has some 1.2.x only). One day I'll upgrade it, but so far I am OK with 14.04 for all other testing purposes, so I had to give up on the idea to build from source temporary. 

Today during few free minutes I've retried on my good old desktop box with Fedora 27 (where I surely built some Go project(s) successfully):
[openxs@fc23 go]$ uname -a
Linux fc23 4.18.19-100.fc27.x86_64 #1 SMP Wed Nov 14 22:04:34 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
[openxs@fc23 ~]$ ls go
pkg  src
[openxs@fc23 ~]$ echo $GOPATH

[openxs@fc23 ~]$ export GOPATH=$HOME/go
[openxs@fc23 ~]$ cd go
[openxs@fc23 go]$ go versiongo version go1.9.7 linux/amd64This environment should work for build, so I've proceeded with:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ go get github.com/datacharmer/dbdeployer
[openxs@fc23 go]$ ls src/github.com/datacharmer/   jmoiron/       nsf/           tanji/
go-sql-driver/ mattn/         ogier/
[openxs@fc23 go]$ ls src/github.com/datacharmer/dbdeployer/
abbreviations/ compare/       docs/          mkreadme/      test/
.build/        concurrent/    .git/          rest/          unpack/
cmd/           cookbook/      .github/       sandbox/       vendor/
common/        defaults/      globals/       scripts/Now let's try that scripts/build.sh with linux as a parameter, as it's a way to build Linux binaries based on what I found:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ MKDOCS=1 src/github.com/datacharmer/dbdeployer/scripts/build.sh linux
+ env GOOS=linux GOARCH=386 go build --tags docs -o dbdeployer-1.17.0-docs.linux .
+ env GOOS=linux GOARCH=amd64 go build -o sort_versions.linux sort_versions.go
/home/openxs/go/src/github.com/datacharmer/dbdeployer
-rwxrwxr-x. 1 openxs openxs 8.1M Jan 14 10:27 dbdeployer-1.17.0-docs.linux
-rw-rw-r--. 1 openxs openxs 3.0M Jan 14 10:27 dbdeployer-1.17.0-docs.linux.tar.gz
[openxs@fc23 go]$ ls
bin  pkg  src
[openxs@fc23 go]$ ls bin
dbdeployer
[openxs@fc23 go]$ bin/dbdeployer --version
dbdeployer version 1.17.0Now we know how to build dbdeployer from source, if needed. If some dependencies are missing you'll be informed and similar go get ... command should allow to install it.

I was somewhat surprised to see MariaDB NOT mentioned at all in README.md. It says:
"DBdeployer is a tool that deploys MySQL database servers easily." while good old MySQL-Sandbox also mentions MariaDB explicitly:
"This package is a sandbox for testing features under any version of MySQL from 3.23 to 8.0 (and any version of MariaDB.)"So, my idea was to double check that dbdeployer is both MySQL-Sandbox compatible and MariaDB compatible (it is). I have several sandboxes already created in the past. I also have MariaDB 10.2.21 .tar.gz binaries that I want to use with dbdeployer for further testing:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ ls ~/sandboxes/
clear_all        rsandbox_mariadb-10_0_19  send_kill_all  test_replication
plugin.conf      rsandbox_mariadb-10_1_12  start_all      use_all
restart_all      rsandbox_mysql-8_0_12     status_all
rsandbox_8_0_12  sandbox_action            stop_all
[openxs@fc23 go]$ ls ~/*.tar.gz
/home/openxs/galera-25.3.22-x86_64.tar.gz
/home/openxs/galera-25.3.24-x86_64.tar.gz
/home/openxs/galera-25.3.25-glibc_214-x86_64.tar.gz
/home/openxs/mariadb-10.2.12-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
/home/openxs/mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64.tar.gzWith dbdeployer one has to unpack .tar.gz first with dbdeployer unpack command. So, I tried it immediately:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ bin/dbdeployer unpack ~/mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
directory '/home/openxs/opt/mysql' not found
You should create it or provide an alternate base directory using --sandbox-binary It seems the tool now wants to use ~/opt/mysql as a directory to unpack to, while MySQL_Sandbox silently used ~:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ ls ~ | grep 8.0
8.0.12I made a lame try to force it to use ~, but failed for the reason I was too lazy to study:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ bin/dbdeployer --sandbox-binary=/home/openxs unpack /home/openxs/mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64.tar.gzUnpacking tarball /home/openxs/mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64.tar.gz to $HOME/10.2.21
.........100.........200....&tar.Header{Name:"mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64/mysql-test/mysql-test-run", Mode:511, Uid:1021, Gid:1004, Size:0, ModTime:time.Time{wall:0x0, ext:63681810892, loc:(*time.Location)(0xa47aa0)}, Typeflag:0x32, Linkname:"./mysql-test-run.pl", Uname:"dbart", Gname:"my", Devmajor:0, Devminor:0, AccessTime:time.Time{wall:0x0, ext:0, loc:(*time.Location)(nil)}, ChangeTime:time.Time{wall:0x0, ext:0, loc:(*time.Location)(nil)}, Xattrs:map[string]string(nil)}
#ERROR: symlink ./mysql-test-run.pl mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64/mysql-test/mysql-test-run: file existsI just created ~/opt/mysql and proceeded with default configuration. After unpack step completed successfully I've proceeded with deploy step to create new replication sandbox:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ bin/dbdeployer unpack /home/openxs/mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
Unpacking tarball /home/openxs/mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64.tar.gz to $HOME/opt/mysql/10.2.21
.........100.........200.........300.........400.........500.........600.........700.........800... ...
Renaming directory /home/openxs/opt/mysql/mariadb-10.2.21-linux-x86_64 to /home/openxs/opt/mysql/10.2.21

[openxs@fc23 go]$ bin/dbdeployer deploy replication 10.2.21
Installing and starting master
. sandbox server started
Installing and starting slave1
. sandbox server started
Installing and starting slave2
. sandbox server started
$HOME/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21/initialize_slaves
initializing slave 1
initializing slave 2
Replication directory installed in $HOME/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21
run 'dbdeployer usage multiple' for basic instructions'We have access to nice enough documentation:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ bin/dbdeployer usage multiple
 USING MULTIPLE SERVER SANDBOX
On a replication sandbox, you have the same commands (run "dbdeployer usage single"),
with an "_all" suffix, meaning that you propagate the command to all the members.
Then you have "./m" as a shortcut to use the master, "./s1" and "./s2" to access
the slaves (and "s3", "s4" ... if you define more).

In group sandboxes without a master slave relationship (group replication and
multiple sandboxes) the nodes can be accessed by ./n1, ./n2, ./n3, and so on.

start_all    [options] > starts all nodes
status_all             > get the status of all nodes
restart_all  [options] > restarts all nodes
stop_all               > stops all nodes
use_all         "SQL"  > runs a SQL statement in all nodes
use_all_masters "SQL"  > runs a SQL statement in all masters
use_all_slaves "SQL"   > runs a SQL statement in all slaves
clear_all              > stops all nodes and removes all data
m                      > invokes MySQL client in the master
s1, s2, n1, n2         > invokes MySQL client in slave 1, 2, node 1, 2


The scripts "check_slaves" or "check_nodes" give the status of replication in the sandbox.Typical sandbox directory (with some differences like use_all_slaves etc) is created in ~/sandboxes/ and shortcut commands work as expected:
[openxs@fc23 go]$ cd ~/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21/
[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ls
check_slaves       n2           sbdescription.json  test_sb_all
clear_all          node1        send_kill_all       use_all
initialize_slaves  node2        start_all           use_all_masters
m                  restart_all  status_all          use_all_slaves
master             s1           stop_all
n1                 s2           test_replication

[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ls master/
add_option    init_db         restart             show_binlog    status   use
clear         load_grants     sbdescription.json  show_log       stop
data          my              sb_include          show_relaylog  test_sb
grants.mysql  my.sandbox.cnf  send_kill           start          tmp

[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ls ../rsandbox_mariadb-10_1_12/
check_slaves             m       node1        s2             test_replication
clear_all                master  node2        send_kill_all  use_all
connection.json          n1      README       start_all
default_connection.json  n2      restart_all  status_all
initialize_slaves        n3      s1           stop_all

[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ls ../rsandbox_mariadb-10_1_12/master/
add_option       default_connection.json  my              send_kill      tmp
change_paths     grants_5_7_6.mysql       mycli           show_binlog    use
change_ports     grants.mysql             my.sandbox.cnf  show_relaylog  USING
clear            json_in_db               proxy_start     start
connection.json  load_grants              README          status
data             msb                      restart         stop

[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ./status_all
REPLICATION  /home/openxs/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21
master : master on  -  port     23322 (23322)
node1 : node1 on  -  port       23323 (23323)
node2 : node2 on  -  port       23324 (23324)
[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ./use_all "show variables like 'gtid%'"
# master
Variable_name   Value
gtid_binlog_pos 0-100-12
gtid_binlog_state       0-100-12
gtid_current_pos        0-100-12
gtid_domain_id  0
gtid_ignore_duplicates  OFF
gtid_seq_no     0
gtid_slave_pos
gtid_strict_mode        OFF
# server: 1
Variable_name   Value
gtid_binlog_pos
gtid_binlog_state
gtid_current_pos        0-100-12
gtid_domain_id  0
gtid_ignore_duplicates  OFF
gtid_seq_no     0
gtid_slave_pos  0-100-12
gtid_strict_mode        OFF
# server: 2
Variable_name   Value
gtid_binlog_pos
gtid_binlog_state
gtid_current_pos        0-100-12
gtid_domain_id  0
gtid_ignore_duplicates  OFF
gtid_seq_no     0
gtid_slave_pos  0-100-12
gtid_strict_mode        OFF
[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ./m
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 14
Server version: 10.2.21-MariaDB-log MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

master [localhost:23322] {msandbox} ((none)) > show master status;
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
| File             | Position | Binlog_Do_DB | Binlog_Ignore_DB |
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
| mysql-bin.000001 |     2835 |              |                  |
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

master [localhost:23322] {msandbox} ((none)) > show variables like 'gtid%';
+------------------------+----------+
| Variable_name          | Value    |
+------------------------+----------+
| gtid_binlog_pos        | 0-100-12 |
| gtid_binlog_state      | 0-100-12 |
| gtid_current_pos       | 0-100-12 |
| gtid_domain_id         | 0        |
| gtid_ignore_duplicates | OFF      |
| gtid_seq_no            | 0        |
| gtid_slave_pos         |          |
| gtid_strict_mode       | OFF      |
+------------------------+----------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

master [localhost:23322] {msandbox} ((none)) > exit
ByeFor my further tests I needed slaves to have log_slave_updates enabled and gtid_strict_mode=ON. So, I've added these settings to my.sandbox.cnf in node1 and node2 subdirectories for both slaves and restarted them:
[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ./restart_all# executing 'stop' on /home/openxs/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21
stop /home/openxs/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21/node1
stop /home/openxs/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21/node2
stop /home/openxs/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21/master
# executing 'start' on /home/openxs/sandboxes/rsandbox_10_2_21
executing 'start' on master
. sandbox server started
executing 'start' on slave 1
. sandbox server started
executing 'start' on slave 2
. sandbox server startedI need a table to play with and I want to check that slaves are in sync:
[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ./m
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 12
Server version: 10.2.21-MariaDB-log MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

master [localhost:23322] {msandbox} ((none)) > use test
Database changed
master [localhost:23322] {msandbox} (test) > create table t1(id int primary key, c1 int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.17 sec)

master [localhost:23322] {msandbox} (test) > exit
Bye
[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$ ./use_all "show variables like 'gtid%'"
# master
Variable_name   Value
gtid_binlog_pos 0-100-13
gtid_binlog_state       0-100-13
gtid_current_pos        0-100-13
gtid_domain_id  0
gtid_ignore_duplicates  OFF
gtid_seq_no     0
gtid_slave_pos
gtid_strict_mode        OFF
# server: 1
Variable_name   Value
gtid_binlog_pos 0-100-13
gtid_binlog_state       0-100-13
gtid_current_pos        0-100-13
gtid_domain_id  0
gtid_ignore_duplicates  OFF
gtid_seq_no     0
gtid_slave_pos  0-100-13
gtid_strict_mode        ON
# server: 2
Variable_name   Value
gtid_binlog_pos 0-100-13
gtid_binlog_state       0-100-13
gtid_current_pos        0-100-13
gtid_domain_id  0
gtid_ignore_duplicates  OFF
gtid_seq_no     0
gtid_slave_pos  0-100-13
gtid_strict_mode        ON
[openxs@fc23 rsandbox_10_2_21]$Note the value of gtid_current_pos on master and gtid_slave_pos on each slave. They are the same and slaves are in sync. If you want to find out more about the format of GTIDs in MariaDB or all that gtid% server variables, please, check this KB article.

* * *
To summarize, dbdeployer is a nice port of MySQL-Sandbox into Go, with some additional features. It can be easily built from source if you have golang version 1.8 or newer (or just downloaded if you have not). Sandboxes created with dbdeployer may co-exists with older sandboxes in the same default directory (but .tar.gz files are unpacked into different directory by default). It still works well with MariaDB. I am going to use replication sandboxes built with it for some further testing of various real life use cases and problems of MariaDB's GTIDs implementation (that may be presented in further posts).
Categories: Web Technologies

Where you can find MySQL in January 2019!

Planet MySQL - Tue, 01/15/2019 - 08:32

We would like to continue with announcing the shows where you can find & meet MySQL Community members or MySQL experts. Please find the list below (this time only for January 2019). Further events will come up later on.

  • Oracle OpenWorld UK/EMEA, London, UK, Jan 16-17, 2019
    • MySQL team is going to be part of this Oracle show in London. You can visit Oracle/MySQL booth in the Zone 2-O and you can attend a talk given by Mark Swarbrick, the MySQL Principle Presales Consultant as follows:
      • MySQL 8.0: Top 10 Features for DBAs and Developers scheduled for Wed, Jan 16, 2019, 15:10-15:55, @Arena 6 (level 3) - ExCeL London
    • We are really looking forward to talking to you there!
  • MySQL Innovation Day, Stockholm, Sweden, Jan 23, 2019
    • If you are local, do not miss this one-day Innovation MySQL Day which main topic is: MySQL supports SQL & NoSQL! At this Innovation event you can experience first-hand how innovations, such as MySQL Document Store, InnoDB Cluster or Replication enable businesses to reach new levels of agility while embracing a database platform that delivers industry leading performance, reliability, and scalability... Since it is "invitation" only event and space is limited, please register as soon as possible!
    • Whole agenda is available here.
  • PHP Benelux, Edegem, Belgium, Antwerp, Jan 25-26, 2019
    • This year a MySQL talk was approved and will be presented by Dave Stokes, the MySQL Community Manager. His talk is on "PHP, The X Devapi, and the MySQL Document Store". Dave's talk is scheduled for Friday, Jan 25th @17:10-18:10 in Track B. Do not miss the opportunity to listen Dave's talk @PHP Benelux!
  • OpenSource Conference Osaka, Japan, jan 25-26, 2019
    • as tradition MySQL is a Gold sponsor with a booth and MySQL talk. Do not miss the opportunity to discuss news about MySQL at our booth in the expo area and please check the organizer's website for the MySQL talk!
 
Categories: Web Technologies

Customizing Per-Process Metrics in PMM

Planet MySQL - Tue, 01/15/2019 - 08:20

If you have set up per-process metrics in Percona Monitoring and Management, you may have found yourself in need of tuning it further to not only group processes together, but to display some of them in isolation. In this blogpost we will explore how to modify the rules for grouping processes, so that you can make the most out of this awesome PMM integration.

Let’s say you have followed the link above on how to set up the per-process metrics integration on PMM, and you have imported the dashboard to show these metrics. You will see something like the following:

This is an internal testing server we use, in which you can see a high number of VBoxHeadless (29) and mysqld (99) processes running. All the metrics in the dashboard will be grouped by the name of the command used. But, what if we want to see metrics for only one of these processes in isolation? As things stand, we will not be able to do so. It may not make sense to do so in a testing environment, but if you are running multiple mysqld processes (or mongos, postgres, etc) bound to different ports, you may want to see metrics for each of them separately.

Modifying the configuration file

Enter all.yaml!

In the process-exporter documentation on using a configuration file, we can see the following:

The general format of the -config.path YAML file is a top-level process_names section, containing a list of name matchers. […] A process may only belong to one group: even if multiple items would match, the first one listed in the file wins.

This means that even if we have two rules that would match a process, only the first one will be taken into account. This will allow us to both list processes by themselves, and not miss any non-grouped process. How? Let’s imagine we have the following processes running:

mysqld --port=1 mysqld --port=2 mysqld --port=3 mysqld --port=4

And we wanted to be able to tell apart the instances running in ports 1 and 2 from the other ones, we could use the following rules:

- name: "mysqld_port_1"  cmdline:  - '.*mysqld.*port=1.*' - name: "mysqld_port_2"  cmdline:  - '.*mysqld.*port=2.*' - name: "{{.Comm}}"  cmdline:  - '.+'

In cmdline we will need the regular expression against which to match the process command running. In this case, we made use of the fact that they were using different ports, but any difference in the command strings can be used. The last rule is the one that will default to “anything else” (with the regular expression that matches anything).

The default rule at the end will make sure you don’t miss any other process, so unless you want only some processes metrics collected, you should always have a rule for it.

A real life working example of configuring per-process metrics

In case all these generic information didn’t make much sense, we will present a concrete example, hoping that it will make everything fit together nicely.

In this example we want to have the mysqld instance using the mysql_sandbox16679.sock socket isolated from all the others, and the VM with ID finishing in 97eafa2795da listed by their own. All other processes are to be grouped together by using the basename of the executable.

You can check the output from ps aux to see the full command used. For instance:

shell> ps aux | grep 97eafa2795da agustin+ 27785  0.7 0.2 5619280 542536 ?      Sl Nov28 228:24 /usr/lib/virtualbox/VBoxHeadless --comment centos_node1_1543443575974_22181 --startvm a0151e29-35dd-4c14-8e37-97eafa2795da --vrde config

So, we can use the following regular expression for it (we use .* to match any string):

.*VBoxHeadless.*97eafa2795da.*

The same applies to the regular expression for the mysqld process.

The configuration file will end up looking like:

shell>  cat /etc/process-exporter/all.yaml process_names:  - name: "Custom VBox"    cmdline:    - '.*VBoxHeadless.*97eafa2795da.*'  - name: "Custom MySQL"    cmdline:    - '.*mysqld.*mysql_sandbox16679.sock.*'  - name: "{{.Comm}}"    cmdline:    - '.+'

Let’s restart the service, so that new changes apply, and we will check the graphs after five minutes, to see new changes. Note that you may have to reload the page for the changes to apply.

shell> systemctl restart process-exporter

After refreshing, we will see the new list of processes in the drop-down list:

And after we select them, we will be able to see data for those processes in particular:

Thanks to the default configuration at the end, we are still capturing data from all the other mysqld processes. However, they will have their own group, as mentioned before:

 

Categories: Web Technologies

Meet MariaDB 10.4 Support in MySQL Database Tools

Planet MySQL - Tue, 01/15/2019 - 05:33
Meet MariaDB 10.4 Support in MySQL Database Tools
Categories: Web Technologies

Connectivity to MariaDB Keeps Extending in dbForge Studio for MySQL

Planet MySQL - Tue, 01/15/2019 - 05:09
Connectivity to MariaDB Keeps Extending in dbForge Studio for MySQL
Categories: Web Technologies

Meet MariaDB 10.4 Support in MySQL Database Tools

Planet MySQL - Tue, 01/15/2019 - 03:33
We are glad to announce the release of the updated dbForge tools for MySQL. To ensure that the users of our MySQL tools can work with the most up-to-date database engines, we keep expanding connectivity options for our MySQL management tool. For this release, we have implemented support for the latest MariaDB 10.4. in  the […]
Categories: Web Technologies

Connectivity to MariaDB Keeps Extending in dbForge Studio for MySQL

Planet MySQL - Tue, 01/15/2019 - 03:09
We are thrilled to inform our MySQL users that fresh and new dbForge Studio for MySQL, v8.1 has been just rolled out! To ensure that the users of dbForge Studio for MySQL can work with the most up-to-date database engines, we keep expanding connectivity options for our MySQL management tool. In this version, we have […]
Categories: Web Technologies

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